on this page:General Guides to Laws Maps Texts of Laws Texts of Older Laws Links to Other Colonias-Related Sites
border colonia geography online:Colonias Database
The Office of the Attorney General created and maintains an extensive Colonia Geographic Database for the border region. The database stores accurate geographic and descriptive data on over 1,800 colonia areas in 29 border area counties. Maps and data from this database are now viewable on-line at this site.
regional offices:Colonias Prevention Regional Offices
attorney general columns:Colonia Geographic Database
Colonias are substandard housing developments, often found along the Texas-Mexico border, where residents lack basic services such as drinking water, sewage treatment, and paved roads. The State of Texas has undertaken a number of programs to remedy the conditions in existing colonias and to prevent new colonias.
The Office of the Attorney General has enforcement responsibilities under several of these laws. To assist the public and governmental agencies in understanding and following these laws, the Office of the Attorney General has compiled them into a booklet and developed assorted materials to explain them.
Texas laws intended to prevent colonias take a variety of forms and apply in a variety of circumstances. The Texas Legislature has refined these laws during the past 15 years. Some of the major laws apply only in the border area or in "economically distressed" counties with high unemployment and low per capita income.
The laws have four major thrusts:
(1) requiring subdividers to provide basic infrastructure (water, sewer, roads, and drainage) when creating (or "platting") new residential developments,
(2) restricting the advertising and selling of lots that are not platted or that lack water and sewer,
(3) limiting connections to utilities in substandard areas, and
(4) mandating certain disclosures and protections when lots are sold through contracts for deeds.
General Guides to Laws
- Historical Sketch of Texas Laws Related to Colonias Remediation and Prevention
- Thumbnail Sketches of Major Colonias-Prevention Laws
- Highlights of Major Platting Laws
Lists of Counties Subject to Special Colonias-Prevention Laws
Texts of Laws
- Selected Texas Statutes on Subdivisions, Colonias, Etc. - 2013 (The "Red Book") (HTML)
- The Model Subdivision Rules of the Texas Water Development Board (MSR) (effective 2/10/2004)
(Printer-friendly PDF) | (HTML)
- Model Rules (2004) Checklist - County Version
Texts of Older Laws
- Selected Texas Statutes on Subdivisions, Colonias, Etc. - 2001 (The "Red Book")
(Printer-friendly PDF file ~500K) | (HTML version)
- The Model Subdivision Rules of the Texas Water Development Board (MSR) (in effect from 2/10/2000 through 2/9/2004)
(Printer-friendly PDF file) | (HTML version)
- Model Rules (2000) Checklist - County Version
Links to Other Colonias-Related Sites:
Texas Secretary of State - the state's colonia initiatives coordinator: www.sos.state.tx.us/border/colonias/index.shtml
Texas Office of Attorney General Colonia Geographic Database: http://maps.oag.state.tx.us/colgeog/
Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs, Office of Colonia Initiatives: www.tdhca.state.tx.us
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality: www.tceq.state.tx.us
Texas Water Development Board: www.twdb.state.tx.us
Texas Natural Resources Information System: www.tnris.org
Texas Department of Rural Affairs: www.tdra.state.tx.us
U.S. Housing and Urban Development farmworkers and colonias page with lots of links: www.hud.gov/groups/farmwkercolonia.cfm